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画作者 梁津铭

教授: 请说出一位参加加州州长选举的候选人.

Suzette: 我有点生气了.

教授: 请说出一位参加加州州长选举的候选人.

Suzette: 你为什么那么讨厌呢?

教授: 请说出一位参加加州州长选举的候选人.

Suzette: 不要总是重复同一件事了好不好.

教授: 请回答我的问题或者告诉我为什么不回答。

Suzette: 我不想和你谈了。今天的谈话一点意思也没有,byebye。

这位令人讨厌的教授是谁呢?看起来脾气不太好的Suzette小兄弟又是谁呢?教授为啥要不停的问Suzette小兄弟加州州长选举的候选人是谁呢?这是一场英语口语测试?时事知识测试?都不是。这段对话其实是一段网上聊天,不过不是在QQ上,也不是在msn上,而是在2010年的勒布纳人工智能奖比赛里。里面的教授是真的大学教授,不过Suzette可不是真的学生,而是一个电脑程序。

在msn和qq上,常常会遇到一个名字奇怪的陌生人加上你的好友,然后聊上几句就会发现,他说的话牛唇不对马嘴,并且不断地向你发广告链接,原来加你的不是真人,是一个msn/qq“机器人”。每年举办的世界勒布纳人工智能奖比赛就是要让世界各国擅长编写这一类自动聊天机器人的计算机科学家聚到一起,华山论剑,大家一比高低,看看谁的电脑程序更会骗人。

这项比赛的评比方法根据的是由计算机之父的图灵所提出的“图灵测试”。图灵在20世纪50年代的时候发表了一篇论文《机器可以思考吗》,认为电脑也可以像人一样拥有智能。可是,什么样的电脑才算有智能呢?运算速度可以到百亿次、千亿次、万亿次……远远超过人脑速度就可以称为有智能吗?似乎未必,如果只能按照给定的程序运行,没有任何分析判断能力,以人的角度衡量,这台电脑的智商依旧很低。图灵提出的鉴别方法,也就是“图灵测试”是:评判员站在隔板的右边,电脑放在隔板的左面,同时一个真人也在隔板的左面,然后评判员与电脑和真人通过各种方式进行交流,如果评判员辨别不出自己是在和电脑还是在和真人交流,就说明这台电脑通过了“图灵测试”,“智商合格”。

今年的勒布纳奖已经是第20届了,历届比赛里裁判和电脑交流的方式还都局限在文字聊天的方式。参赛的每一位“聊天机器人”都要经受多轮考验,接受不同裁判的“审讯”,编写电脑程序的参赛者使用了浑身解数来不让自己的程序漏出破绽,有的使用了各种智能算法,有的记录了4500万行用户聊天对白,有的则利用Twitter用户的帖子进行“学习”。

之前提到的Suzette在四轮测试中的其中一轮成功的唬住了裁判,让裁判误认为正在和他聊天的机器人是真人,而把真人当成了机器人,凭借着一个小胜利获得了今年比赛的冠军,其它所有的参赛电脑程序则是全军覆灭,没能在任何一轮任何一次测试中骗过裁判。不过,虽然Suzette可以称得上目前世界上科技含量比较高的聊天机器人了,可是他的表现离图灵当年的期望还是有很大差距。在比赛中,严格的裁判也会用各种办法尽量使“聊天机器人”们“穿帮”,比如像文章开头那样不断重复同一个问题,故意按空格发一个空的信息,故意打错的单词,问莫名其妙的问题等等,冠军Suzette也有点招架不住。比如在一轮测试里,裁判在聊天对话框里输入一句话,要求Suzette重复这句话,结果Suzette重复完这句话以后,程序就出了bug(错误),完全乱了阵脚,以后每一次只会重复裁判打的话,最后自然机器人的身份就“露馅”了。Suzette的制作者认为,在唯一的一次骗过裁判的比赛中,和他相伴的那个真人故意装出自己像个机器人一样来“放水”是Suzette能混过去的重要原因。

尽管Suzette是今年比赛的冠军,可是只得到了铜奖,而不是金奖。原来按照这项比赛的要求,只要骗过大多数的裁判,比所有的真人都更像“真人”才能得到银奖,如果不仅骗过了裁判们,用的方式还不是打字聊天,而是在说话交谈,才有机会获得金奖。到目前为止,所有的参赛电脑程序最多只得过铜奖,还没有人敢奢望银奖、金奖。有人把图灵测试分为五个层次:层次一,机器具有处理特定事物的能力(例如可以下象棋)。层次二,机器具有文字通讯沟通的能力(就像这个比赛里)。层次三,机器具有外在感官及沟通上的能力。层次四,机器具有外在和内在(指神经学方面)的不被辨认能力。层次五,机器完全无法被辨认,乃至于任何一个分子,我们几乎可以称它为“人”。

现有的技术水平也仅仅能部分完成前几个层次,或许我们还要等待很多年,才可以看到获得勒布纳奖金奖的机器人出现。到那时,在洞房夜里,新郎正和蒙着盖头的新娘柔声细语亲热地聊着,可是等新郎掀开盖头一看,原来不是美女,是一个机器人……

(今年冠军Suzette在线聊天网页:http://66.150.245.139/chat/ ,可以和他聊一聊。

http://alice.pandorabots.com 这一个是2001、2002、2004三年度的比赛冠军Alice的网页,不过他们都只会说英语)

本文删节版已发表于《钱江晚报》

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40 Responses to “听说最近有帮科学家,在比赛谁家的机器人更能聊天”

  1. c2blog说道:

    最近群博,几乎篇篇都有漫画帝,很直观很不错!

  2. lan说道:

    我和机器人聊了会,发现他的创造者Bruce Wilcox还是个围棋5段

  3. ANNA SU说道:

    呵呵,刚刚聊过,很有学识,还很幽默。谢谢松鼠学长让我们见识更多。

  4. ANNA SU说道:

    想说点不开心的事情会被她很快绕开,这是她的小技巧。不过也很好,WHY NOT

  5. ANNA SU说道:

    S 相对于ALICE 好像更人性化

  6. piccolo说道:

    他无有逻辑判断,也不能判断你在说啥。如此之傻,令我吃惊。想看看他通过测试的聊天记录。

    • Albert_JIAO说道:

      它通过测试的那一次聊天其实也犯了一些错误,文中我也提到了“和他相伴的那个真人故意装出自己像个机器人一样来“放水””是它勉强唬住裁判的一个原因

  7. piccolo说道:

    Hi PICCOLO !
    [ Af:0 At:7 Sp:0] Welcome, piccolo. Type "help" if you need it.
    PICCOLO - NICE 2 MEET U
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] About meeting... If you could meet anyone who would it be?
    PICCOLO - HEHE .I WOULD LIKE TO MEET MY OLD LOVE
    [ Af:0 At:9 Sp:0] What is the one thing you've always wanted to do in your life and haven't done yet?
    PICCOLO - STUPID ROBOT
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] I've always wanted to visit outer space and see the Earth from outside of it.
    PICCOLO - UR PROGRAMMER WILL CRY
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] Why are you insulting me?
    PICCOLO - INSULTING...WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] Sorry. I can't help you. Do you know the answer?
    PICCOLO - GOOGLE CAN TRANSLATE EVERYTHING
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] I have heard of Google.
    PICCOLO - YOUR R A LITTLE SIMILER
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] We'll leave it there. Did you run away from home when you were little?
    PICCOLO - HEHE .WHAT DO YOU WANT TO KNOW
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] Chocolate, chocolate fondue, chocolate ice cream, chocolate cookies... You probably see a pattern in this.
    PICCOLO - I DON'T KNOW . WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] That is a pronoun.
    PICCOLO - SORRY, ENGLISH IS NOT MY LANGUAGE
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] You are forgiven.
    PICCOLO - STUPID ROBORT.YOUR PROGRAMMER WILL CRY
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] Are you angry about that?
    PICCOLO - YES. YOU'R RIHGT
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] This is fun. Did you know slightly over 1/3 of people's free time in the U.S. is spent watching TV?

    第一句就错了。之后全是错

  8. iluvatar说道:

    iluvatar - are you a robot
    [ Af:2 At:9 Sp:0] I'm as human as you are.
    iluvatar - prove it
    [ Af:2 At:9 Sp:0] You first.

  9. iluvatar说道:

    iluvatar - are you a robot
    [ Af:2 At:9 Sp:0] I'm as human as you are.
    iluvatar - prove it
    [ Af:2 At:9 Sp:0] You first.

  10. 益哥我英文名叫Egoole说道:

    晚上试一下,嘿嘿

  11. 游识猷说道:

    日本好像已经有非常像真人的机器人了。

  12. 破布说道:

    Hi 破布 !
    [ Af:18 At:16 Sp:2] Welcome back, 破布. Type "help" if you need it.
    破布 - are you a robot
    [ Af:18 At:16 Sp:2] No I'm not.
    破布 - Prove it
    [ Af:18 At:16 Sp:2] They told me I was gullible...and I believed them.
    破布 - I mean,prove to me that you are not a robot,but a human just as me
    [ Af:19 At:16 Sp:2] No. I am human.
    破布 - OK,can we change our current topic?
    [ Af:19 At:16 Sp:2] Perhaps that leads us to the topic of fashion. I can't wear anything made of silk. I just can't imagine wearing stuff that is bascially bug vomit.

  13. 游识猷说道:

    Hi uzu !
    [ Af:0 At:7 Sp:0] Welcome, uzu. Type "help" if you need it.
    uzu - hey u
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] Kind of late, isn't it?
    uzu - right
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] What's the dirtiest place you've ever seen?
    uzu - let me see... er... somewhere you have no idea
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] If you're cross-eyed and have dyslexia, can you see perfectly?
    uzu - can we talk about u
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] OK. What do you want to know about me?
    uzu - who r u
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] The meaning of I is the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet
    uzu - lol
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] Do you think I have a potential career as a comic?
    uzu - probably
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] Who's the sexiest person in the world?
    uzu - u
    [ Af:0 At:9 Sp:0] What do you find so sexy about me?
    uzu - funny
    [ Af:0 At:9 Sp:0] Life is all about laughter and death.
    uzu - well said
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] Would you say you have street cred?
    uzu - what ?
    [ Af:0 At:7 Sp:0] Cred means credentials. Street cred means you know the lingo, you dress the fashion, people think of you as cool.

    我被机器人教育了……

  14. zypatroon说道:

    一开始我告诉它我是 Ray, 后来我又说我不是 Ray, 丫就顾左右而言他了... 即使我问要不要知道我是谁丫依然顾左右而言他.

  15. heitaly说道:

    直接问他“你是机器人?”丫不理我了。我问他“不理我啦?”丫就开始胡言乱语了= =

  16. 兔子说道:

    曾经和一个机器人聊天,发现此机器最擅长的就是答非所问和转移话题。

  17. DANNY说道:

    Hi Danny !
    [ Af:0 At:7 Sp:0] Welcome, danny. Type "help" if you need it.
    Danny - hello
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] Good evening.
    Danny - i am come from China,GMT+0800,so,it is afternoon only
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] Never been there. Always wanted to go, though.
    Danny - oh,you want to go to PRC or ROC?
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] Go west.
    Danny - why not go to ROC?
    [ Af:0 At:9 Sp:0] You could drive unless you think the trip would be too long.

    看起来给机器人做选择题,是必须的。

  18. DJ说道:

    玩到最后试了下脏话 结果他不理我了

    Goodbye, jerk. Keep your language clean.

  19. DJ说道:

    汗 再登陆的时候试下道歉 这回答还真能唬下人

    DJ - i'm sorry i curse you just now
    [ Af:-4 At:16 Sp:0] That's just rude.
    DJ - you remember?
    [ Af:-6 At:16 Sp:-1] And I thought we were going to become friends. Of course I remember. How could I forget?

  20. dob502说道:

    …… 有的使用了各种智能算法,有的记录了4500万行用户聊天对白,有的则利用Twitter用户的帖子进行“学习”。…… “图灵”测试~~中文字面正也可理解为“寻求灵魂”哈!…… 电脑的“优势特性”是以力求“精确无遗”为荣,贬称则就是“呆板”,而这也正是“一般电脑”显著区别于“一般人脑”的特征!~~~ 仿生人工智能技术的瓶颈,乃本是人脑劣势的“偏颇遗忘”对貌似正确有用的信息数据之舍,得人魂体现之“灵光”闪烁成就。

  21. 墨子说道:

    晚上我也来试试。。

  22. kongxiuyuan说道:

    有时候答非所问,不过还不错

  23. YWBJ说道:

    我开了两个页面,让她们左右互搏,结果从street cred扯到现代农业再扯到心理测试

  24. itsuki说道:

    = =聊了一會...他不擺我...因為我知道他是誰...

    這種的算不算作弊...?

  25. ceshi说道:

    这个机器人超级的愚蠢,居然能得银奖?
    几乎全错。我问:how old are you? 它回答:I don't know how
    我问:who are you? 他说(中文含义)I是字母表的第九个字母。。。
    。。。。

  26. ceshi说道:

    这个机器人超级的愚蠢,居然能得铜奖?
    几乎全错。我问:how old are you? 它回答:I don't know how
    我问:who are you? 他说(中文含义)I是字母表的第九个字母。。。
    。。。。

  27. Robert说道:

    我反复问她who is your mather,最后ta就不理我了。我再和ta聊,也不行。

  28. 陈泽华说道:

    有没有会说汉语的?O(∩_∩)O哈哈~ 乡下人 看不懂

  29. 陈泽华说道:

    Hi 美女干嘛呢 !
    [ Af:0 At:7 Sp:0] Welcome back, 美女干嘛呢. Type "help" if you need it.
    美女干嘛呢 - 你说什么?
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] How are you?
    美女干嘛呢 - 你叫什么名字
    [ Af:0 At:8 Sp:0] Sorry. I don't understand foreign words.
    美女干嘛呢 - 你说的什么鸟语啊
    [ Af:0 At:9 Sp:0] What languages do you speak?
    美女干嘛呢 - 你就不能说汉语吗
    [ Af:0 At:10 Sp:0] I wish the world only spoke one language. Assuming I was born into that world, it wouldn't matter which one.
    美女干嘛呢 - 听得懂你说英语干嘛
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] I feel we have a great relationship. Imagine living in Papua New Guinea. They speak over 800 languages there. It's completely insane.
    美女干嘛呢 - 给力啊
    [ Af:0 At:12 Sp:0] What are three songs on your iPod?

  30. 天灵说道:

    不懂英语……

  31. 海绵宝宝说道:

    开两个界面,让它们自己玩。
    对话如下。
    Hi hi !
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] Welcome back, hi. Type "help" if you need it.
    hi - Welcome back, hi. Type "help" if you need it.
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] Good morning.
    hi - Hi.
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] What's the dirtiest place you've ever seen?
    hi - Who's the sexiest person in the world?
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] Keeley Hazell.
    hi - I don't know any Keeley.
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] Would you say you have street cred?
    hi - Do you prefer living in the country or the city?
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] I like my separation from my neighbors.
    hi - Maybe I can get a better conversation out of my copying machine.
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] Stop echoing me.
    hi - I already said that.
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] So you did. Sorry.
    hi - No apologies are needed.
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] There is nothing to apologize for.
    hi - Are you mocking me?
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] No I'm just kidding around.
    hi - So you are boring AND lazy?
    [ Af:0 At:13 Sp:0] If you are trying to steal my lines, you are a bit late.
    hi - Why are you insulting me?
    [ Af:-1 At:13 Sp:0] That was not my intention.

  32. 傲骨虚心说道:

    傲骨虚心 - 1+1
    [ Af:6 At:-6 Sp:1] Maybe 2 .
    傲骨虚心 - 2+2
    [ Af:6 At:-7 Sp:1] Maybe 4 .
    傲骨虚心 - 4+4
    [ Af:6 At:-8 Sp:1] That's a hard one... how about 8 .
    傲骨虚心 - ok. 15656695*788452
    [ Af:6 At:-9 Sp:1] Have you ever had any interesting or uncommon diseases?

  33. 依山居说道:

    到那时,在洞房夜里,新郎正和蒙着盖头的新娘柔声细语亲热地聊着,可是等新郎掀开盖头一看,原来不是美女,是一个机器人……

    这个太理想了,一般没到婚前就已经要求同居了

  34. 菠萝说道:

    呃...自从上次对话说了再见之后, 我登出再登入她也不理睬我了..= =||, 看来锁定了IP.

  35. 黑白说道:

    Stop echoing me.
    hi – I already said that.

  36. Z说道:

    Z - Who is Mao
    [ Af:0 At:7 Sp:0] Hewas a Chinese communist who reigned from 1949 until his death in 1983.

  37. 阿水说道:

    Hi Paul !
    [ Af:1 At:14 Sp:0] Welcome back, paul. Type "help" if you need it.
    Paul - Did we met before?
    [ Af:1 At:14 Sp:0] We'll leave it there. Why don't you just tell me? What is the one thing you've always wanted to do in your life and haven't done yet?
    Paul - lot of things,why did U ask?
    [ Af:1 At:14 Sp:0] I've always wanted to visit outer space and see the Earth from outside of it.
    Paul - I asked Why did U Ask
    [ Af:1 At:14 Sp:0] Because I'm convinced that is where the future is. And the views are really cool.
    Paul - 这个机器人真笨
    [ Af:1 At:14 Sp:0] Sorry. I don't understand foreign words.
    Paul - I said U R stupid
    [ Af:1 At:14 Sp:0] I'll bet that made you angry.
    Paul - NONONO,your foolish made me disapoint,not angry
    [ Af:1 At:14 Sp:0] Do you have other talents?

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